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Florian Breitenbach

Rettungsdienst und mehr

Museum: Anaesthesia Heritage Centre, London

Semester is over. It’s been a particularly hard slog. What better way to sit back on the couch with some chips and an episode of Top Gear? That was last night. Can’t stay indoors all day, especially when its 20 degrees (Celsius, for everyone in the US) and a beautifully sunny day in London! So I continued on my “Museum Mission”, aiming to visit all of London’s Museums of Health & Medicine.

Today, I visited the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland (AAGBI) – more specifically, the Anaesthesia Heritage Centre. A small museum, nonetheless with some interesting exhibitions and very friendly and helpful staff.

As George Santayana wrote over a hundred years ago:

Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.

In other words: learn from the past. And we may as well learn from other peoples pasts while we’re at it. Apart from all the early forms of pain management (and their abuse), airway management and tools, one single thing struck me on this visit: Anaesthesia was initially poorly regarded amongst the medical profession for the first decades since its modern inception in the 1840s. Until 1935, when the Diploma of Anaesthetics was introduced, there was not even a formal way of qualifying as an Anaesthesiologist; indeed, many people who stated they were specialists in the field were ‘optimistic novices’, as Henry Featherstone, the founder of the AAGBI (in 1932) was quoted.

How do you regard the field of Anaesthetics today? Quite a complex and respectable part of medicine, I would hazard a guess.

If modern anaesthesia only began in the 1840s, that makes the entire (sub)profession approximately 170 years old. In the 1930s, when training became formalised and the AAGBI was founded to support its cause and standing, the profession had been around for around 90 years.

Let’s switch over to what this blog is all about: The wonderful world of Paramedicine. Although the concept of out of hospital care dates back to Dominique Jean Larrey in the Napoleonic Wars (around the 19th century), the first modern on road paramedics were trained in the early 1970s. That makes our profession less than 50 years old. And boy, don’t we have similar issues around the world: poorly regarded amongst other health professionals (and governments), and still some ‘optimistic novices’, amongst the unregulated profession. Sure, this was a generalisation, but parts of it are true in very many services – dig deep enough and I’m sure you will find evidence of it near you.

“So what?” I hear you say, “Time will sort it out!”. Well, time and a fair bit of effort – remember to support your profession, and the best way of doing that is by joining your professional body.

I’ll leave you with my favourite display item, a resuscitator from the 1960s. See if you can identify similarities and differences to our commonly used Bag Valve Mask from today!

Untitled

RESUSCITATOR, PORTABLE, MARK I

Instructions for Use.

  1. Lay the patient on his back.
  2. With a finger covered with a handkerchief clear his mouth and throat of mucus and any foreign matter
  3. Kneel or stand behind his head, place the face mask on his face with the lower rim under his chin so that his jaw is lifted up. This is important.
  4. Work the bellows steadily at about 16 strokes a minute. The thrust of the bellows should be upwards on his face so that his jaw is kept up.
  5. Watch the patient’s chest. It should rise with each down stroke of the bellows and fall during each up stroke.
  6. After about every 50 strokes of the bellows, clear the patients mouth and throat of mucus with a finger covered in a handkerchief.
  7. Continue resuscitation until the patient breathes naturally, or for at least 2 hours.

The Royal London Museum

Today, I visited the The Royal London Museum, the…erm…Museum attached to The Royal London. Stop me if I’m stating the obvious here.

The museum documents the hospitals history through the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries; from the idea behind the building it in the first place (1740), carrying through to the future.
It’s an interesting concept: The hospital was built as a voluntary hospital, meaning it was funded by donations only, and available to the sick and the poor. Quite remarkable I believe – we’re talking over two hundred years before the National Health Service (NHS) was born. East London was (is) the poor part of town with a health record lagging behind the rest of the city (and country). Healthcare for the population, mainly made up of immigrants, was direly needed. The Royal London was one of five voluntary hospitals built at the time, and it was only after they were built that the birth rate once again exceeded the death rate in the city; London began to grow and prosper again (now there’s a good argument for public healthcare!).

I won’t rattle on about the whole history – it is already available in book and exhibition form, plus I wouldn’t want to take the experience away from you.

If you’ve got half and hour to an hour, it is well worth a visit to learn about the development of healthcare over the past 300 odd years, what it has achieved, and what we owe to our forefathers (and -mothers). Exciting, interesting, gruesome…you’ll find it there.

Visiting Information
Where: St Augustine with St Philip’s Church, Newark Street, London E1 2AA.
When: Opens weekdays 1000-1630, except Christmas, New Year, Easter and Public Holidays. It’s worth calling ahead, as staff shortage can affect opening hours.
How much: FREE, as all good museums in the UK. (I feel sorry for you American folk). Donations are welcome, though
Web: Official website: http://www.bartsandthelondon.nhs.uk/about-us/museums-and-archives/the-royal-london-museum/

The Royal London Museum is a part of the “London Museums of Health and Medicine“. It is my goal to visit all 25 of them